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Thursday, May 20, 2010

The Greatest 100 Characters in history

In the Name of ALLAH
By Michael H.
1992
(1)
Muhammad(PBUH)
1
Prophet of Islam Religion
Hart recognized that ranking Muhammad first might be controversial, but felt that, from a secular historian's perspective, this was the correct choice because Muhammad is the only man to have been both a founder of a major world religion and a major military/political leader.

Name : Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullāh
Date Of Birth : Monday 570/571
Place Of Birth : Mecca 
Date Of Death : June 8, 632
Religion : Islam 'Founder Of Islam Religion'
Cause : Spreading Islam Religion 'His Cause Still Spreading Until Now'


(2)
Isaac Newton
23
1689 portrait of Isaac Newton

(aged 46)
Anglican (rejected Trinitarianism ; believed in the Arianism of the Primitive Church)
physicist ; theory of universal gravitation; laws of motion.

Name : Sir Isaac Newton
Date Of Birth : 4 January 1643
Place Of Birth : Woolsthorpe Manor in Woolsthorpe- by - Colsterworth , a hamlet in the county of Lincolnshire.
Date Of Death : 31 March 1727
Religion : Anglican
Cause : Laws of motion, Graviton 'Discoverer'


(3)
Jesus of Nazareth 
23
Jesus Christ Judaism; Christianity founder of Christianity

Name : Jesus of Nazareth
Date Of Birth : 5 BC/BCE
Place Of Birth : Bethlehem Of Judea
Date Of Death : 30 BC/BCE
Religion : Christianity 'Founder'
Cause : Spreading Christian Religion 'His Cause Still Spreading Until Now'



(4)
Buddha
32
A statue of the Buddha from Sarnath, 4th century CE
Born : c. 563 BCE or 623 BCE Lumbini, today in Nepal
Died : c. 483 BCE or 543 BCE (aged 80) Kushinagar, today in India
founder of Buddhism



(5)
Confucius Confucianism 
23
Full name Confucius

孔丘 Kǒng Qiū
Born September 28, 551 BCE

Qufu, Zhou Dynasty
Died 479 BCE (aged 71–72)

Qufu, Zhou Dynasty
Era Ancient philosophy
Region Eastern philosophy
School Founder of Confucianism
Main interests Moral philosophy, Social philosophy, Ethics
Notable ideas Confucianism
founder of Confucianism 

(6)
St. Paul Judaism
Ananias restores the sight of Saint Paul
Christianity proselytizer of Christianity
Born
c. 5 in Tarsus
Died
c 67 in Rome
Venerated in
All Christianity

(7)
Ts'ai Lun
Chinese traditional religion inventor of paper
(8)
Johann Gutenberg
Catholic developed movable type; printed Bibles
(9)
Christopher Columbus
Catholic explorer; led Europe to Americas
(10)
Albert Einstein
3
Jewish physicist; relativity; Einsteinian physics
(11)
Louis Pasteur
Catholic scientist pasteurization
(12)
Galileo Galilei
Catholic astronomer; accurately described heliocentric solar system
(13)
Aristotle Platonism
Greek philosophy influential Greek philosopher
(14)
Euclid Platonism
Greek philosophy mathematician; Euclidian geometry
(15)
Moses Judaism major
prophet of Judaism
(16)
Charles Darwin
Anglican (nominal) biologist; described Darwinian evolution, which had theological impact on many religions
(17)
Shih Huang Ti
Chinese traditional religion Chinese emperor
(18)
gustus Caesar
Roman state paganism ruler
(19)
Nicolaus Copernicus
Catholic (priest) astronomer; taught heliocentricity
(20)
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Catholic father of modern chemistry; philosopher; economist
(21)
Constantine the Great
Roman state paganism; Christianity Roman emperor who made Christianity the state religion
(22)
James Watt nonreligious
developed steam engine
23
Michael Faraday Sandemanian
physicist; chemist; discovery of magneto-electricity
24
James Clerk Maxwell Presbyterian
Anglican; Baptist physicist; electromagnetic spectrum
25
Martin Luther
Catholic; Lutheran founder of Protestantism and Lutheranism
26
George Washington
Episcopalian; Deist first president of United States
27
Karl Marx
Jewish; Christian; Atheist; Marxism/Communism founder of Communism
28
Orville and Wilbur Wright
United Brethren inventors of airplane
29
Genghis Khan
Mongolian shamanism Mongol conqueror
30
Adam Smith
Liberal Protestant economist; expositor of capitalism; religious philosopher
31
Edward de Vere a.k.a. "William Shakespeare"
Christianity literature; also wrote 6 volumes about philosophy and religion
32 John Dalton
Quaker chemist; physicist; atomic theory; law of partial pressures (Dalton's law)
33
1
Alexander the Great
Greek state paganism conqueror
34
Napoleon Bonaparte
Catholic (nominal) French conqueror
35
Thomas Edison
Congregationalist; agnostic inventor of light bulb, phonograph, etc.
36
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Calvinist microscopes; studied microscopic life
37
William T.G.
Morton ?? pioneer in anesthesiology
38
Guglielmo Marconi
Catholic and Anglican inventor of radio
39
Adolf Hitler
born into but later rejected Catholicism; allegedly a proponent of Germanic Neo-Paganism; Nazism conqueror; led Axis Powers in WWII
40
Plato Platonism
Greek philosophy founder of Platonism
41
Oliver Cromwell
Puritan (Protestant) British political and military leader
42
Alexander Graham Bell
Unitarian/Universalist inventor of telephone
43
Alexander Fleming
Catholic penicillin; advances in bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy
44
John Locke
raised Puritan (Anglican); Liberal Christian philosopher and liberal theologian
45
Ludwig van Beethoven
Catholic composer
46
Werner Heisenberg
discovered the principle of uncertainty
47
Louis Daguerre ??
an inventor/pioneer of photography
48
Simon Bolivar
Catholic (nominal); Atheist National hero of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia
49 Rene Descartes
Catholic Rationalist philosopher and mathematician
50
Michelangelo
Catholic painter; sculptor; architect
51 Pope Urban II
Catholic called for First Crusade
52
'Umar ibn al-Khattab
Islam Second Caliph; expanded Muslim empire
53
Asoka Buddhism king of India who converted to and spread Buddhism
54
St. Augustine Christianity
Early Christian theologian
55
William Harvey
Anglican (nominal) described the circulation of blood; wrote Essays on the Generation of Animals, the basis for modern embryology
56 Ernest Rutherford
?? physicist; pioneer of subatomic physics
57
John Calvin
Protestant; Calvinism Protestant reformer; founder of Calvinism
58
Gregor Mendel
Catholic (monk) Mendelian genetics
59
Max Planck
Protestant physicist; thermodynamics
60
Joseph Lister
Quaker principal discoverer of antiseptics which greatly reduced surgical mortality
61
Nikolaus August Otto
?? built first four-stroke internal combustion engine
62
Francisco Pizarro
Catholic Spanish conqueror in South America; defeated Incas
63
Hernando Cortes Catholic conquered Mexico for Spain; through war and introduction of new diseases he largely destroyed Aztec civilization
64 Thomas Jefferson
Episcopalian; Deist 3rd president of United States
65
Queen Isabella I
Catholic Spanish ruler
66
Joseph Stalin
Russian Orthodox; Atheist; Marxism revolutionary and ruler of USSR
67
Julius Caesar
Roman state paganism Roman emperor
68 William the Conqueror
Catholic laid foundation of modern England
69
Sigmund Freud



Jewish (non-practicing); Atheist Freudian psychology/psychoanalysis founder of Freudian school of psychology; psychoanalysis
70
Edward Jenner
Christianity discoverer of the vaccination for smallpox
71
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
?? discovered X-rays
72
Johann Sebastian Bach
Lutheran; Catholic composer
73
Lao Tzu Taoism
founder of Taoism
74
Voltaire
raised in Jansenism; later Deist writer and philosopher; wrote Candide
75
Johannes Kepler
Lutheran astronomer; planetary motions
76
Enrico Fermi
Catholic initiated the atomic age; father of atom bomb
77
Leonhard Euler
Calvinist physicist; mathematician; differential and integral calculus and algebra
78
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
born Protestant; converted as a teen to Catholic; later Deist French deistic philosopher and author
79
Nicoli Machiavelli
Catholic wrote The Prince (influential political treatise)
80
Thomas Malthus
Anglican (cleric) economist; wrote Essay on the Principle of Population
81
John F. Kennedy
Catholic president of United States
82
Gregory Pincus
Jewish endocrinologist; developed birth-control pill
83
Mani Manicheanism
founder of Manicheanism, once a world religion which rivaled Christianity in strength
84
Lenin
Russian Orthodox; Atheist; Marxism/Communism [more] Russian ruler
85
Sui Wen Ti
Chinese traditional religion unified China
86
Vasco da Gama
Catholic navigator; discovered route from Europe to India around Cape Hood
87
Cyrus the Great
Zoroastrianism founder of Persian empire
88
Peter the Great
Russian Orthodox forged Russia into a great European nation
89
Mao Zedong
Atheist; Communism; Maoism founder of Maoism, Chinese form of Communism
90
Francis Bacon
Anglican philosopher; delineated inductive scientific method
91
Henry Ford
Protestant developed automobile; achievement in manufacturing and assembly
92
Mencius
Confucianism philosopher; founder of a school of Confucianism
93
Zoroaster Zoroastrianism
founder of Zoroastrianism
94
Queen Elizabeth I
Anglican British monarch; restored Church of England to power after Queen Mary
95
Mikhail Gorbachev
Russian Orthodox Russian premier who helped end Communism in USSR
96
Menes
Egyptian paganism unified Upper and Lower Egypt
97
Charlemagne
Catholic Holy Roman Empire created with his baptism in 800 AD
98
Homer
Greek paganism epic poet 99 Justinian I Catholic Roman emperor; reconquered Mediterranean empire; accelerated Catholic-Monophysite schism
100 Mahavira
Hinduism; Jainism founder of Jainism

Friday, May 14, 2010

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